The first phase is the pre-crisis phase during which an organization prepares for a possible crisis by creating a crisis management plan, assembling a crisis management team, and coming up with strategies to mitigate risk in the case of a crisis. The second phase is mid-crisis or the point at which an organization is taking action to respond to a life crisis. And the final phase is the post-crisis phase during which the members involved in a crisis management effort will evaluate the effectiveness of their actions and use what they learn to refine their crisis management plan.